Mountain Gorilla Facts

 

 

Mountain Gorilla Facts

Mountain Gorilla Facts : These mammals are large apes that are native to Africa and they are typically divided into two groups. The mountain gorilla lives in the mountainous regions of central Africa, while the lowland gorilla lives in the flat, dense forests of central and western Africa. Though the two types are very similar, they have a few differences. For example, mountain gorillas tend to have longer hair, whereas lowland gorillas have short, soft hair. Gorilla’s hands and feet resemble the human ones more than those of other Apes. Gorillas spend more time on the ground than other Apes; hence their feet are more suited of walking. Gorillas have long arms, even longer than their legs and they use their long arms to walk. This is where they use the knuckles on their hands to walk on all four. When male gorillas get old, their hair turns white on their back. Those older males are called silver back gorillas.

Habitat

Uganda has two places where these mountain gorillas maybe seen, one is Mgahinga Gorilla, stunning park and component of the Virunga, in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park.

Habits

Gorillas live in complex social groups, display individual personalities, make and use tools, and show emotions like grief and compassion like human beings. In the middle of the day, gorillas take a nap, play with other gorillas or groom one another. At night, the gorillas settle down in beds, made from leaves and twigs, to sleep. Gorillas are fast and they can reach speeds of over 20 miles per hour with a top speed clocked at 25 Mph.

Breeding

Female gorillas are sexually mature at around 7 to 8 years of age; however, they don’t usually reproduce until they are 10 years old. Males mature later than females and are rarely strong and dominant enough to reproduce before 15 to 20 years of age. Like humans, female gorillas are pregnant for nine months and usually give birth to only one infant at a time. Newborn gorillas weigh about 1.8 kg. From the time they’re about 4 months to 2 or 3 years old, young gorillas ride on their mother’s backs as a form of transportation. At around 7 to 10 years, the young gorilla will become mature enough to have its own offspring.

Feeding

Gorillas are generally herbivores, they usually eat vegetation such as wild celery, shoots, roots, fruit, tree bark and tree pulp, but they have been known to eat small animals and insects. A male can eat up to 18 kg of vegetation each day.

Gorilla trekking

Age limit for gorilla trekking in Uganda and Rwanda is 15 years and above. The authorities are very strict on this. Therefore, in Rwanda a gorilla permit costs $1500.00 (Non-residents) and Uganda gorilla permits to visit mountain gorillas in Bwindi National Park and Mgahinga cost $600.00 per permit, foreign residents with a valid working permit pay $500.00 and the East African citizens of Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania pay Uganda Shillings 250,000 only (which is about $100). Once this is established, details will be entered into their system and a gorilla permit card issued out.

NB: With effect from 1st July 2020, Gorilla permits will increase from $600 to $700 for Non-residents and 250,000/= for Ugandan citizens.

   

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