Ngorongoro Crater Lake Tanzania
Ngorongoro Crater Lake Tanzania : The crater is a large caldera of a volcano that collapsed about three million years ago to a depth of over 600 meters. It was named by the Maasai after the sound made by a cowbell “Ngoro Ngoro” and it is the largest caldera in the world that is unfilled and inactive. It is part of a larger protected area and a world heritage site Ngorongoro Conservational Area located west of Arusha in the crater highlands of Tanzania which was established in 1959. The crater has approximately 6,000 wildebeests, 25,000 large mammals, 70 lions and 16 highly endangered black rhinos that roam around in this crater including all the big fives along with other animals like cheetahs, hyenas, warthogs, zebras, serval cats, jackals among others. There are no giraffes in the crater but rather they dwell outside the crater.
Attractions at Ngorongoro crater lake
Attractions at Ngorongoro Crater Lake are widely dispersed across inside and around the conservation area. Ngorongoro conservation area is part of the Serengeti National park that hosts a number of wildlife especially the wildebeest whose migration occurs in the southern Serengeti National Park and on the Northern Ngorongoro Ndutu area. The attractions also crosses the conservations and extend to the olduvai George where the remains of early man were discovered and below are some of the key attractions in the Ngorongoro Crater Lake area.
This is one of the unique and must see attractions in the Ngorongoro conservation area with its beautiful sceneries of the largest caldera. The guests always have a mesmerizing view of the crater at the crater viewing point a few kilometers from the main gate before walking down to the crater. It gives you a spectacular view of the crater watching the wildlife at the top views.
Birds are one of the firm and greatest attractions in Ngorongoro with both permanent and migratory birds from Europe and Asia like the European swallows, European rollers, harriers, lapwings to mention a few that come for breeding in the rainy season. Ngorongoro is a breeding ground to thousands of water birds like the ducks, herons, waders and flamingos. It also hosts other big birds like the ostriches, secretary birds, eagles and many more.
It is located in the southern part of Olduvai Gorge deep in the remote areas. It is renowned for its footprints remains which are not clearly known on how they came into existence.
It is a small museum located at the edge of Olduvai Gorge, with the highest correlation of archaeological sites in the entire world which were discovered by Dr Louis Leaky in 1959. This is where the remains of the early man were discovered and one can visit this place on his or her trip from Serengeti or to Ngorongoro.
Ngorongoro crater is a home to both big and small animals that are easily spotted in the short grasses especially during the game drives. It is enriched with wildlife, hosting over 30,000 animals like the zebras, warthogs, jackals, serval cats and much more. The crater is also a home of the big five and these are the elephants, lions, Buffalos and the rare black rhinos though the leopards are rare and hardly spotted.