The Saline Lake Manyara

The Saline Lake Manyara

The Saline Lake Manyara : lies in the Northern Tanzania, west of Arusha in the Eastern rift valley, the seventh-largest lake in the country with a surface area of 470km2 and was formed as a result of the great rift valley. The lake’s name is believed to be based on a plant called “Euphorbratinucalli”, locally known as Emanyara in the Maasai language. It is the spiky protective enclosure around their homesteads; they probably perceived the escarpment hems in the lake like the enclosures thus the name. Or, others say that it may have originated from the Mbugwe word “Manyero” meaning a place where animals drink water. The lake has no outlet and it thus subjected to intense evaporation allowing salt and other minerals to accumulate. There are crusty white deposits of soda glitter such as diamonds around the edges of the water and the saline water appears slightly soapy in texture due to the concentrated minerals, though the water is not too salty for the animals to drink.

The Western side of the lake is flanked by a steep rift escarpment to the North of the Ngorongoro highlands while in the East and Southeast, an undulating plain with isolated volcanic mountains which gives way to a peneplain. Several springs, streams, wetlands and smaller lakes, both perennial and seasonal drain into the lake. The flora of this lake diverse with over 670 flowering plants and fern species, most of them are wide spread and a few are endemic species. The lake receives two rainy seasons that’s; the short rains from November to December and the long rains from March to May. April is the wettest month while the driest months are July, August and September. On this lake is an area covered by the Tanzania National Park Authority called Lake Manyara National Park since it is situated between Arusha and the lake in Manyara regions. The Park was originally established in 1960 to protect the elephants which reside in the park and other wildlife in the area include; buffaloes, lions, leopards, rhinoceros, giraffes, impalas, mongoose, kirk’s dik-dik, baboons, zebras and many water birds especially flamingos. The Park simply bursts with life, with its population of abundant water birds, dense woodlands, steep mountainsides, ground water forest filled with acacia trees and its outstanding black-manned tree climbing lions.

Activities in Lake Manyara national park


The lake is an ideal birdwatching location and while here you have an opportunity to spot the flocks of thousands of flamingos that feed along the edge of the lake such as lesser flamingos and greater flamingos among others. But the lake has also got over 300 other bird species that you will spot such as the Egyptian geese,  Guinea fowls, Crowned eagles, Hornbills,  Yellow-billed stork, Great-white pelican, Black-winged stilt, Pied Avocet, Caspian plover, Marsh sandpiper, White-winged tern and so forth.


The lake consists of a number of fish species such as the catfish and tilapia. It has got a small fishery, but fish only tends to be found near the inflow areas where salt concentrations are lower. Don’t miss to take part in this activity where you will be guided by the local fishermen explaining the different fishing methods and fish species caught here.

Nature walks

With the help of a tour guide, trek through the dense woodlands and hike the steep mountain sides, while spotting different species of plant life and learning their possible medical properties or even the primate species that may be roaming around like the vervet monkey, baboons and even the Manyara monkeys. 

Game drives

This of course is your usual game drive where you can come across the different mammal species and how they adapt to their habitants like the giraffes that dwell where there are tall trees to feed on, the hippos near the water for much obvious reasons and even get a chance to see the black-manned lions that climb trees. They usually do this (climb trees) because the ground can get too hot sometimes or in other cases to get better view to scale the area for their next prey. Elephants will become a recurrent sight as the park is famous for its vast elephant herd. Other animals include; leopards, cheetahs, buffalos, impalas among others.


With the help of a guide you will be taken around the saline lake on the small boat. While here, you will come across hippos thou you will not be attacked by them since they are used to visitors. See the buffaloes grazing at the lake shores along with the impalas and water bucks. The ride is about three and a half hours long allowing you to explorer to the fullest. Also notice the different bird species at the lake, mostly the flamingos, along with egrets, spoonbills and herons amongst others.

Mountain biking

The experienced guides will take initiative to take you where you will be provided with bicycles and bicycle gears. These would dearly aid you as you ride along different trails taking in the beautiful scenery of the park and the shores of the breath-taking Lake Manyara.

Community visits

This is a two-and-a-half-hour small trip to the Karata local villages where you will find and interact with the community people and find out more about their culture. Visit the Maasai women and take part in their daily activities like cooking and go home with a few souvenirs like their beautiful handmade bead necklaces among others.

Magi Moto Hot Springs

The Swahili words “Maji Moto” literally translate to “hot water” which is a valuable explanation for their name. These magnificent hot springs are surrounded by palm and fig trees that only add a sense of tranquility to the area. Locals have taken it upon themselves to build a small restaurant and bathroom facilities around the hot springs to encourage tourists to stop by.

Mto Wa Mbu market town

This is situated just opposite the lake and its name “Mto wa Mbu” means “Mosquito Creek”. It is a trading center for the tribes of the area like the Gororwa, Chagga, Irangi and Tatonga to mention but a few. 

Why is Lake Manyara a top tourist attraction?

Although small in size compared to other national parks in Tanzania, Lake Manyara is a home to a variety of wildlife species which include elephants, baboons, lions, hippos, buffalos, giraffes, blue monkeys, leopards, antelopes, impalas and its extra ordinary concentration of birdlife has made this place world-renowned among ornithologists.

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.